How to store wine in your house
When choosing a wine, we take into account many factors. We value place of origin, the variety or varieties of grapes with which it is made, the moment we plan to open the bottle, the company, and even the pairing. However, sometimes we neglect what comes next and do not store it properly.
Wine storage in inappropriate conditions can cause the experience to consume it away from what it could have been. If you are also one of those who usually buy wines with good storage capacity, to open in the future, below are eight recommendations so that every time you open a wine bottle, you can enjoy wine in the best possible way.
1. Keep wine bottles at the right temperature using a wine cooler or refrigerator.
The temperature of the environment in which we keep our bottles is one of the main factors that we must take care to prevent our wines from spoiling. Ideally, the wine should be at a constant temperature between 12ºF and 16ºF. This can be achieved when using a wine cooler or refrigerator.
One must also pay special attention to avoid thermal oscillations, that is, that the temperature of the bottle does not vary greatly, so it would be appropriate to avoid storing it in places where the temperature is changing. For this reason, it is inadvisable to store the wine in the kitchen where the temperature can rise several degrees sharply when cooking.
2. Control the humidity.
Just as important as controlling the temperature of the place where we keep our wine bottles, it is also essential to monitor the relative humidity of the environment.
The place we choose must be fresh, and the relative humidity must be between 70 and 80% so that the cork does not dry out or get wet.
If the cork dries, the cap will tend to shrink, so that air could enter the bottle and promote premature oxidation of the wine. In the opposite case, if the cork is too wet, the conditions necessary for the appearance of molds and fungi that can spoil the wine would occur.
To avoid it, nothing better than using a thermometer and a hygrometer next to the bottles, so we will have under control that the wine does not experience significant changes in humidity or ambient temperature.
3. Avoid exposing the wine to direct light.
Another factor that can accelerate the degradation of wine is its direct exposure to light, both natural and artificial light. The place where we store the bottles must be dark since the incidence of light on the bottles can favor chemical reactions such as oxidation of the wine, with the consequent loss of quality.
The light can also negatively affect the wine through the photo-degradation of the riboflavin present in it. For these reasons, among others, it is for which the green color is still maintained in the majority of wine bottles that we find in the market since this color is able to neutralize between 30% and 60% of the light radiations.
If the place chosen to store our wine has a lot of light, it is better to store the bottles in closed furniture or boxes.
4. Isolation of strong odors.
To prevent the taste and aromas of our wines from being altered by external agents, we must preserve them from contact with sources of strong odors. Keeping our wine bottles in a well-ventilated place at home will help fulfill this purpose and will also allow one to regulate the humidity of the environment and prevent the appearance of fungi.
The position in which we store our wine bottles is also crucial when preserving its organoleptic characteristics. Attending to this aspect, you should try to place our bottles always in a horizontal position.
In this way, you will allow the wine and the cork to be in permanent contact. This will thus prevent the cork from drying out, which would lose its elasticity, and the closure of the bottle would no longer be airtight. It allows the wine to rest appropriately and evolve in the most natural way possible.
6. Sparkling wines, better vertically.
As an exception to the previous point, you can contemplate the vertical placement of sparkling wines (cavas, champagne, etc.). In this case, the presence of carbonic gas, which tends to rise, allows the cap to maintain the ideal humidity level. In addition, the vertical arrangement of the bottle itself also favors the conservation of carbon in these drinks.
7. Attention to conservation times.
Not all wines improve with time, and that is why it is essential to distinguish which wines are good to keep for longer and which are better to drink soon. To differentiate them, you must take into account factors such as the age of the wine, the vintage, the place of origin, the type of grape with which it is made, the time and type of aging and, above all, the place where the bottles have been stored.
That said, and as a general rule, young wines should be drunk in the year they are harvested, the aging for the next five years and large reserves can be preserved for about 10 or 15 years. It is not advisable to overcome these times since it is very difficult for us to keep the wine as well as they do in the cellars.
8. When you open the wine.
Once we have opened a bottle of wine, if we are not going to finish it at once, it is better that we keep the wine in the refrigerator. Before, we must minimize the contact between the wine and the air contained in the bottle to avoid oxidation.
To achieve this, you can change the wine to a smaller bottle and close it tightly by squeezing the cork.
You can also opt for the use of a vacuum pump to extract the air inside the bottle. Following these eight tips, our wine collection will be properly preserved at home. So, we can enjoy the pleasure of a glass of wine on large (or small) occasions, provided they are presented.
The conservation of wine at home is something a person should all take care of so that our bottles arrive at the moment of consumption in the best possible state.